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How to Conduct a Security Risk Assessment for Your Business

In today’s rapidly changing threat landscape, businesses can’t afford to stand still when protecting their data and systems. A security risk assessment acts as your compass in this complex world, helping you understand your vulnerabilities and make the right choices to defend your organisation.


So, where do you even start? While the task may seem daunting, it doesn’t have to be. Let’s break down the process of conducting a security risk assessment.

Laying the Foundation


Before you dig into identifying specific risks, you need a framework. Think of it as building the structure of your assessment. This involves understanding industry standards (like ISO 27001), regulations relevant to your business (GDPR, for example) and your unique business objectives. Next, set your risk tolerance – how much risk are you willing to accept?


Identifying Your Risks


Now it’s time to get specific. What do you need to protect? List all critical assets: hardware, software, data (think customer information, financial records, etc.).


For each asset, ask yourself: What could harm the asset (hackers, malware, natural disasters)? What weaknesses could be exploited (outdated software, inadequate employee training)?


Understanding the Impact


Not all risks are created equal. For each risk scenario, ask:


● Likelihood: How likely is it to happen?

● Impact: What would the damage be (financial, reputational)?


This analysis helps you prioritise your risks effectively.


Deciding on Risk Response


Once you know your risks, it’s time to tackle them. Consider these options:


Accept: Acknowledge the risk and its potential impact.

● Mitigate: Reduce the likelihood or impact (e.g., security patches, firewalls).

● Transfer: Shift some of the risk (e.g., insurance).

● Terminate: End the activity causing the risk, if feasible.


Threats change, your business grows and your risk landscape evolves. Don’t treat a security risk assessment as a one-time thing. Make it a cyclical process you review regularly.


A Helping Hand – Third-Party Audits


It’s always wise to get a fresh set of eyes and some expert input. A third-party security auditor can conduct a thorough independent analysis of your security posture and identify those hidden vulnerabilities you might have missed.


Security risk assessments are critical for any business, big or small. It’s about knowing where you’re vulnerable so you can proactively protect yourself. Think of it as an investment in your company’s future.


Need Assistance? Contact Proximitum Today!


If you need help with your security risk assessment or want a third-party security audit, Proximitum is here to help. Contact us on +44 (0) 203-875-8930.

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